What is COST?
COST is the longest-running European framework supporting trans-national cooperation among researchers, engineers and scholars across Europe. COST is an interdisciplinary network that enables researchers across COST countries to synthesise existing research and identify gaps in knowledge. This will help to avoid duplication, foster innovative avenues for future research and effectively advance knowledge in this area.
There are currently 32 COST countries participating and we will seek to extend this network, particularly to countries that have yet to develop research expertise in this area. Network events will take place across North, South, East and West Europe, as well as in larger and smaller countries, to ensure inclusivity.
COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology – see www.cost.eu) is a unique platform where European researchers can jointly develop their ideas and initiatives across all scientific disciplines through trans-European networking of nationally funded research. COST is supported by the European Union (EU) Horizon 2020 Programme.
What is CRM-Extreme?
Difficulties in the access to critical raw materials (CRMs) are expected to depress industrial sectors vital to European Union (EU). If direct substitution of CRMs represents an obvious solution (not at all easy to achieve), a more realistic option relates to a combination with rational use, enhanced recycling and sustainable mining.
The Action focuses on the substitution of CRMs (like Cr, Co, Nb, W, Y, and other rare earth elements) in high value alloys and metal-matrix composites used under extreme conditions of temperature, loading, friction, wear, corrosion, in Energy, Transportation and Machinery manufacturing industries. This will strengthen EU competence to gain the leadership in efficient use of raw materials, to achieve what is foreseen in the EU roadmaps towards 2050 . EU can count on its excellence in areas of knowledge crucial to CRMs, while its high-tech Small-Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and automotive, aerospace and energy industries can ensure suitable innovation paths from labs to market.
Under these circumstances, the Action is the perfect tool for coordinating the ongoing fundamental and applied research, for catalysing strategic advances, and for strengthening the interaction between research institutions, SMEs and industries. The Action aims to set up a network of expertise to define the current state of knowledge and gaps in multi-scale modelling, synthesis, characterization, engineering design and recycling that could find viable alternatives to CRMs and promote research lines and activities for new collaborations and joint research projects for the industrial exploitation of substituted materials.